Nuclear Irrationality

I was recently thinking about my college studies of nuclear warfare. At the time it seemed like a relevant topic, and I took two courses on it. Like everything, the more you look into it the more complex it gets. The depth of the thinking in nuclear warfare planning was both impressive and appalling.

One of the more interesting cases was driven by the fear of a Soviet invasion of Western Europe. In retrospect we know there was never a danger of that, but at the time it was a real concern. The western strategists feared that in a conventional war, the Soviet tanks would rapidly rout the smaller European armies. The use of nuclear weapons, or at least their potential use, was an obvious way to counter this threat.

However, most of the nuclear weapons were in the U.S. It was clear that no U.S. president would launch nuclear weapons at the Soviet Union in order to forestall an invasion of Europe. The U.S. promised to support Europe, but if the war actually started, a nuclear attack on the U.S.S.R. could only end in a nuclear counter-attack on the U.S. That would never happen. England and France had a few nuclear weapons, but would their leaders really launch them, knowing that they would face certain death in the overwhelming nuclear counter-attack? A bold and calculating leader of the Soviet Union might be willing to risk that nobody would take the nuclear option, and be willing to gamble that they would win a conventional war (again, this was the fear of the U.S. and Europe, the Soviet Union knew perfectly well that they could not win such a war). How could the U.S. and Europe use nuclear weapons as a credible deterrent to a conventional invasion?

The answer was, as I said, both impressive and appalling. NATO distributed low-yield nuclear weapons throughout Europe (they even had nuclear landmines). In the event of an invasion, complete control over the weapons was handed over to local commanders. The decision to use nuclear weapons would not be in the hands of an elected leader far from the war zone. It would be in the hands of a local colonel facing the immediate loss of his command. The Soviet Union might gamble (so the thinking went) on the reactions of a few political leaders they could study closely. They would never gamble on the reactions of several hundred local military commanders. Although the weapons were relatively low-yield, the expectation was that once a war went nuclear, the only thing that would stop it from escalating would be a quick complete cessation of hostilities.

This is a nice example of achieving your goal by explicitly giving up your ability to act rationally.

Comments (7)

Sudoku

Want to try Paleo breakfast
Looking for Paleo breakfast recipes , paleos recipes for breakfast , paleo breakfast no eggs , paleo breakfast casserole,
paleo breakfast muffins
, free paleo recipe, paleo cookbook pdf, ? Follow us to get updates on Healthy paleo directory by trying our paleo recipes andpaleo breakfast ideas. Our favorite paleo recipes are mediterranean fruit salad, shrimp breakfast recipes, easy paleo egg recipes

Hip flexor Stretches
Do you know Hip Flexor is a important muscle group in your body. Unlock your hip flexor by trying these Hip flexor stretches and hip flexor strengthening to get rid of hip flexor strain and hip flexor pain. More importantly to prevent Hip flexor injury symptoms.
Particularly Hip flexor stretch foam roller that is Hip flexor stretch for back pain. Piriformis-syndrome

baixar popcorn time
baixar pokemon duel
baixar snapchat
baixar imo
minecraft pe
baixar geometry dash
baixar Deezer
baixar soundhound
baixar clean master
baixar super mario run
baixar flipagram
baixar whatsapp
baixar megabox
baixar snaptube

Telecharger apk
Telecharger and installer apps comme soundhound pc ,
flipagram sur ordi ,
flipagram pc ,
snapchat pc ,
imo pour pc ,
snapchat sur pc ,
flipagram sur ordi ,
flipagram pc ,
flipagram sur pc
geometry dash gratuit ,
Géométrie dash ,
telecharger popcorn time ,
telecharger geometry dash gratuit ,
pokemon duel sur pc,
pokemon duel pc ,
Deezer gratuit ,
Deezer connexion ,
telecharger minecraft ,
minecraft pocket edition minecraft france
minecraft france
minecraft apk gratuit complet et
popcorn time
Telecharger Clean master
25 techniques de perdre du poids naturelles scientifiquement prouvées
Shazam pour PC Windows 7/8/10 et Mac iOS gratuit
Installez Dig Deep pour PC Windows 7/8/10 et Mac iOS gratuit
Télécharger et Installez Slither io pour PC Windows 7/8/10 et Mac iOS gratuit
Installez Wattpad pour PC Windows 7/8/10 et Mac iOS gratuit
chicken scream
Emulateur Android
Clash of Clans

Do yo know about chinese new year ? When is chinese new year 2018?
chinese new year 2018 animal ? Follow us to know more aboutlunar new year!

Comments (4)

Pay Voting

New plan: let’s let people pay to vote. Everybody gets one vote free, just like today. You can also pay, say, $1000 for another vote, then $2000 for the next one, $3000 for the one after that, etc. Also, you can sell your vote, so a cheaper way to get more votes is to pay a bunch of people $500.

Advantage: it’s no longer necessary to give candidates money so that they can advertise for votes. Currently politicians spend at least half their time asking for money. This would let them spend all their time on their actual job.

Advantage: money paid for votes goes straight to the treasury, rather than to television stations.

Advantage: Many fewer horrible political ads.

Disadvantage: politicians do what rich people want them to do. But wait, that is already the case. So this isn’t a disadvantage at all.

The U.S. is already a plutocracy. Making it explicit is more efficient all around.

Comments (6)

Voluntary Foreclosure

huankey.com Téléchargez et installez vos applications préférées sur PC Windows et Mac comme.
gadgetreviewed.com Baixa o download e instale seu aplicativo móvel favorito
Learn to cook tasty and healthy paleo recipes and paleo cookbook only on paleoforbreakfast.info

Comments (2)

Streaming Full Movie Moonlight (2016) For Free

Moonlight (2016) Free Latest Films, Full Movie Online Streaming Free, Free Movies Streaming, English Subtitles Full HD.


Plot
‘Moonlight’ is exelent film tell story about The tender, heartbreaking story of a young man’s struggle to find himself, told across three defining chapters in his life as he experiences the ecstasy, pain, and beauty of falling in love, while grappling with his own sexuality. This movie have genre Drama and have 111 minutes runtime.

Cast
Trevante Rhodes as Black / Chiron, André Holland as Kevin, Naomie Harris as Paula, Mahershala Ali as Juan, Janelle Monae as Teresa, Ashton Sanders as Teen Chiron.

Production
The Director of this film is Barry Jenkins. The film Moonlight is produced by Plan B Entertainment, Upload Films, A24 and released in October 21, 2016.

Related Movie
Moonlight have some similar movie, The Edge of Seventeen, Straight Outta Compton, Trainspotting, It’s Only the End of the World, I Killed My Mother, Wild Reeds.

Streaming Full Movie Moonlight (2016)

You can enjoy to watch movie in theater or by streaming in HD quality by following link on this page. If you don’t have account, you can register for FREE to make sure our visitor is human. After register you can Watch or download this movie with high quality video.

Incoming search term :

Moonlight English Full Episode Online
Moonlight English Full Episodes Download
Moonlight Watch Online
Watch Moonlight Online Free Putlocker
Watch Moonlight Online Free putlocker
Moonlight Full Episode
Moonlight Full Episodes Watch Online
Moonlight For Free Online
Moonlight English Episode
Moonlight Watch Online
Watch Moonlight Online Megashare
Moonlight English Episodes
Moonlight English Episodes Free Watch Online
Moonlight English Full Episodes Free Download
Moonlight HD Full Episodes Online
Moonlight Watch Online
Moonlight Online Free Megashare
Moonlight Episodes Online
Moonlight HD English Full Episodes Download
Watch Stream Online Moonlight
Moonlight Free Online
Moonlight English Full Episodes Online Free Download
Watch Moonlight Online Viooz
Moonlight Episodes Online
Moonlight English Full Episodes
Watch Moonlight Online Viooz
Moonlight Free Download
Watch Moonlight Online Putlocker
Moonlight For Free online
Moonlight Free Online

Comments (7)

« Previous Page« Previous entries « Previous Page · Next Page » Next entries »Next Page »